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Transcription - Page 14

Chapter 8 [underlined]
Beliefs [underlined]

It appears the widespread if not universal
belief that the earth is a flat surface surmounted
by the solid vault of the sky.

The [crossed out - tribe were] Lake Eyre tribe held this [crossed out - the] belief

as is shown by me of the Wonkanguru tribal legends (p -)
which relate how the Yuri-ulu after the holding
of the Wilyaru [crossed out - by] ceremony went in their wanderings
and finally "beyond the normal way" passed through "hard darkness" with an
other country whence looking back they [crossed out - saw] surprized which
they had passed through on the edge of the [crossed out lake] shore.

{Left margin note] at p 3 +

The Jalathi [crossed out - tribe] about [Mirilamine?] said
that a medicine man once climbed up to the sky and
was let through it by a ghost (gŭmatch).
[Crossed out - In Porpum?] A Wotjoballuk legend says that at
first the sky rested in the earth [crossed out - but] and prevented
the sun from moving , but that [crossed out - the ?] [Goroke?]
(the magpie -?) propped up the sky by poles
and thus [crossed out - set the sun] freed the sun [which?] make
on its travells.

The idea of the sky being propped up was
[crossed out - come out] also the belief of the Kulin tribe. The
Woëworung said that it was propped up by poles which were in-
serted in the mountain in the north east. Berak
remembered that before the white men came to Melbourne
a message came down through the tribe that these poles
were becoming rotten and that unless tomahawks were sent
up at once [??] [??] the sky would fall and burst
and all people would be the drowned.

This same belief was spoken of by Buckley but was
a differed form namely that the earth was [supported?] by people
which were in the "charge of a man who lived at the furthest
end of the earth ? (1).

[Line across page]

The [Pujauibuk?] [??] [crossed out - but the] had the belief
that a [crossed out - several words??] [??] earth & a solid [??]
of some of these [??] [??] [??] is careful of [??] (1)
whether he had [is an?] "[??] to [??] end of the earth
when the sky [touched?] the grounds".

[Left margin note]
The Kurnai belief in
sky being a hard substance
comes out in the belief in
the account of the [Sun arch?] (p.-)
in camping with the [??]
ghost to the -----: when
it [crawled?] through a hole.

The [Njarya?] & [??] also
believed [crossed out - in the] that legend [??]
sky ([Kūtŭmbi?] then was
" and the country like the [west?]
[crossed out - here] [??] and tree".-

[Left margin note]
(1) Op. [??]
p 57
[??] tribe was
[??] Wűntherung
see p.-

[left margin note}
(1) Mr Parker

Page 5 of 14

Document Details

Letter From
Letter To
Author Howitt, Mr Alfred William
Country Australia
Colony/State Victoria
Holding Institution Museums Victoria
Collection Name Alfred W. Howitt Collection
Registration Number XM 593
Medium Notes
Summary The content of the notes relate largely to the legends, religion, beliefs and customs for a number of groups in southeastern Australia. Beliefs and various legends including a number related to the earth and sky; and to Bunjil (Eaglehawk). A.W. Howitt also recounts a story by Berak [William Barak] who visited his sick son in Melbourne.
Physical Description Notes, incomplete, handwritten, undated. 25 foolscap sheets, 25 pages, some with slips of paper attached. Text 'struck through' with vertical pencilled lines. Condition: some pages with tattered edges.